El ministro de Defense of Russia, Sergei Shoiguand the Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure, Oleksander Kubrakov, signed separate documents before Guterres, while Erdogan attended the event.
Last week, the parties reached an agreement on a UN plan to export 22 million tons of grain and other agricultural products that have been blocked in Ukrainian ports on the Black Sea by the Russian invasion.
“Today, there is a beacon in the Black Sea, a beacon of hope, a beacon of possibilities, a beacon of relief for a world that needs it more than ever,” Guterres said after signing the pact yesterday de cumplirse cinco meses guerra en Ukraina y que estará en force durante tres años, according to a source of the organism familiar with the text of the agreement, cited by the Russian news agency Sputnik.
Erdogan said that the agreement will help mitigate food security and reduce inflation worldwide, which in the United States and many European countries has reached levels not seen in decades.
“We are proud to have been useful in this initiative, which will play an enormous role in resolving this global food crisis that has been on the agenda for so long,” said the president, quoted by the Turkish news agency Anadolu.
The blockade of Russian shipments and exports of cereals and fertilizers prevented by international sanctions has caused the prices of products such as wheat and barley to skyrocket.
The Ukrainian cereals will be exported by the Black Sea to the Mediterranean through the Bosphorus Strait, in the Turkish city of Istanbul, and from there they will go to the world markets.
The agreement contemplates the establishment of a control center in Istanbul, with UNO personnel and Turkish, Russian and Ukrainian officials, who will coordinate grain exports, the authorities said.
The boats will be inspected to guarantee that they carry cereals and fertilizers and no weapons.
Ukraine is one of the world’s major exporters of wheat, corn and sunflower oil, but the invasion of Russia and the blockade of its ports have stopped their shipments abroad.
Part of the grain has been transported across Europe by railroad, road and river, but the amount is small compared to sea routes.
In the United States, the spokesperson of the Department of State, Ned Price, said that his country welcomed the agreement, in principle.
“Pero en lo que nos estamos enfocando ahora es en responsabilizar a Rusia por implementa este accordo y perorimi que el grano ucraniano llegue a los mercados mundiales. Ha pasado demasiado tiempo de este russo bloqueo”, said Price.
La Unión Europea, en tanto, urged to implement the agreement immediately.
“El acuerdo de Istanbul de hoy es un paso en la dirección correcta. We urge you to implement it immediately,” wrote the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, on his account on Twitter.
While the agreement was being signed, the Ukrainian authorities informed that in the last 24 hours five people died in Russian attacks and that three bodies were recovered from the rubble of a bombed school in the city of Kramatorsk.
The bombing of a school in Donetsk province came hours after other Russian missile attacks killed at least three people and wounded 23 others in the city of Kharkov, Ukraine’s second largest city, in the northeast, near the border with Russia.
“The Russian attacks on schools and hospitals are very painful and reflect that their true goal is to destroy the ruins of these peaceful cities,” said the governor of Donetsk, Pavlo Kirilenko, in televised statements.
Sin embargo, the spokesman of the Russian Ministry of Defence, lieutenant general Igor Konashenkov, said that the Russian attack had killed more than 300 Ukrainian soldiers who were using the building of Escuela No. 23 en Kramatorsk como su base.
He added that another attack destroyed a ammunition depot in the industrial zone of the southern city of Mikolaiv.
Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, the economy has trembled throughout the world. In addition to the food crisis unleashed by the blockade of the ports, the sanctions imposed by the West against Russia unleashed an energy crisis that turned against Europe.
One of the countries most dependent on Russian gas is Germany, which today came to the rescue of the debilitated energy company Uniper, the country’s largest importer of Russian gas, by acquiring 30% of the company’s shares.
Estrangulada por los prices del gas, que se dispararon por el conflicto, Uniper llevaba several semanas pidiendo ayuda al Ejecutivo alemán.
Now, the group will benefit from a public loan of “up to 7,700 million euros (7,821 million dollars)” in mandatory convertible bonds that will eventually be converted into shares, informed the German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz.