Primary and secondary schools
School is compulsory from the age of 6 in the United States . 90% of American students are enrolled in free public school, there are nearly 93,000 in the country. The assignment in these schools depends on the place of residence, which is why some parents choose their district of residence according to the school in which they wish to enroll their children. The financial means in the public are quite low and the level varies a lot from one school to another.
There are approximately 34,000 private elementary and secondary schools in the United States, they are of 3 types: Catholic schools, non-Catholic religious schools and non-religious schools. Tuition fees vary depending on the location, in New York for example, this can amount to 20,000 euros per year and per child. Catholic schools are in principle the least expensive.
At the end of high school, final year students ( grade 12) obtain the Graduation, which is the equivalent of the baccalaureate. The graduates take out their best outfit to receive the famous diploma under the eyes of their family, with the inevitable throw of hats.
Education in the United States
The school rhythm
In the United States, children go to school from Monday to Friday, they start the day between 7 and 8 a.m. and finish it between 1 and 3 p.m. The afternoon is devoted to extra-curricular activities, the little Americans do a lot of sports, artistic activities are also appreciated. Regarding the subjects taught, English and American history are compulsory subjects in high school, for the rest, students can choose the subjects they like. There is therefore no notion of class, the high school students attend the courses they have chosen. Each high school offers different subjects: pottery, architecture, sociology, theatre, languages…
Students are graded with a letter system:
A = Very good
B = Good
C = Medium
D = Insufficient
F = Elimination
Education in the United States is based on the encouragement of students, it is indeed easier to obtain an A in the United States than a 20/20 in France. The teachers are close to their students, there are no clashes as we can see in France.
Education in the United States
After graduation, students who want and have the financial means continue their studies. Students have the choice between a paying public university or a private school. Higher education has an extremely high cost, it takes an average of 10,000 dollars per year for a public school and 30,000 dollars for a private school, it depends a lot from one establishment to another. Some deserving students or those who have a good level of sport can receive a scholarship, others take out a bank loan, this means of financing is very widespread in the United States.
ALSO READ : Education system & compulsory schoolingThe German school system If your children are six or older, they must go to school. In Germany, education is compulsory. The vast majority of German schools are run by the state. Your children can therefore attend them for free. There are of course parallel private and international schools, but they are paying. Each of the Länder is responsible for school policy. Depending on the region you and your family will settle in, you will face slightly different school systems. For example, children do not always learn the same things from one Land to another and also partly use different textbooks. Depending on the Länder, there may also be different types of schools. Overall, the following scheme is valid for the whole of Germany: Grundschule (primary school): For children aged 6, schooling generally begins at the Grundschule. The children go to school there from the first to the fourth class. In the Länder of Berlin and Brandenburg, the Grundschule continues up to the sixth class. Depending on the level of your children in primary school, you can decide, in consultation with the teachers, what type of school they will attend from the fifth class. Secondary schools (weiterführende Schulen) are generally divided as follows: Hauptschule (general secondary school): classes 5 to 9/10 Realschule (secondary school): classes 5 to 10 Gesamtschule (comprehensive school): classes 5 to 12/13 Gymnasium (middle school, high school): classes 5 to 12/13 Hauptschule and Realschule: Children who have successfully completed their schooling in a Hauptschule or a Realschule can then do vocational training or join a Gymnasium or Gesamtschule. Gesamtschule: offers an alternative to the tripartite system of education (Hauptschule, Realschule und Gymnasium). Gymnasium: at the end of the twelfth or thirteenth class, pupils who pass the examination can obtain their baccalaureate (Abitur). This diploma gives them the right to continue their studies in a university or a specialized college. Students who have completed their schooling in a Gymnasium can also choose to do professional training and discover the practice directly. The German education system German education system Schooling for children and young people newly arrived in Germany Are your children already old enough to go to school when you arrive in Germany? You are certainly wondering how to go about schooling them? It is the administration of the school concerned in agreement with the “Schulbehörde” (National Education) which will decide on the organization of the schooling of your children. As a rule, newly arrived children who, due to their lack of knowledge of the German language, are not yet able to follow lessons continuously at school, have the opportunity to take part in a trial lesson. The goal is to allow children to integrate and follow a traditional schooling as quickly as possible. How to recognize a good school You are generally free to decide which school in the city your child will attend. Investigate multiple schools. You will recognize a good school by the fact that it offers, in addition to quality teaching, leisure activities such as theatrical performances, sports, music and language workshops or excursions. The school must also include parents in school activities. So don't just ask if there's room and ask about extracurricular activities. If your children do not yet have a perfect command of German, make sure that the school also offers German lessons. These courses are usually called “Deutsch als Fremdsprache” (German as a foreign language). The teachers will make sure that your child understands everything that is said in class and that he does not have to fear bad grades. More information on the web Association of German International Schools Association of International Schools in Germany Standing Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs (KMK) The German school system Show more
Generally, students choose general courses for the first two years. The year is divided into two semesters, the same as in France and follows 10 subjects per year. They generally obtain in 3 or 4 years a Bachelor of Science for scientific subjects and a Bachelor of Arts for subjects relating to the human sciences. This training can be completed by a Master of Science or a Master of Business Administration and then by a doctorate. To become a doctor, for example, students obtain a Bachelor of Science and then enter a medical school. Future lawyers, on the other hand, obtain a Bachelor ‘s degreein sociology, languages or economics and enter a law school.
It is also possible to integrate a ” Community College ” which offers more practical courses and leads to a technical occupation. The “Associate degree” diploma is obtained in 2 years and allows, for the most studious, to join a university at the end of this training. Tuition fees are much lower than in a traditional university, between 2,500 and 7,500 dollars.